THE CLASSIFICATION OF THE KINDS OF BAPTISM IN
lb. The Historical Books of the NT carry the most numerous references to baptism (first five books).
This is important, for they record the beginnings of Christianity. And in these books the distinctions are made.
2b. The particular distinctions in the kinds of baptism are indicated. There are five kinds, water and spirit, figurative, fire, suffering.
lc. There are five different kinds of baptism.
Water Spirit Suffering Figurative Fire
Mark 1:8 " “
Luke 3:16 " “
John 1:33 " “
Acts 1:5 " “
Matt. 20:22, 23 “
Mark 10:38, 39 “
1 Cor. 10:2 “
2c. There are four kinds of water baptism.
Jewish baptism ---Heb. 6:2; Mark 7:4-8: Luke 11:38
John's baptism ---Acts 19:3, 4
Jesus' baptism ---John 3:22; 4:1-2
Christian baptism---Acts 19:5
3c. There is only one kind of Spirit baptism.
Ephesians 4:5 - This baptism is never repeated
3b. The fundamental differences between water and Spirit baptism.
lc. As to administrator.
Spirit baptism is Christ's own work, Matt. 3:11 (Distinction in 1 Cor. 12:13).
Water baptism is church's work, Matt. 28:19
(Jesus never baptized in water - cf. John 3:22 with 4:1, 2)
2c. As to accomplishment.
Spirit baptism brings men into the body of Christ. 1 Cor. 12:13
Read R.V. and Greek text.
Water baptism brings men into the visible church. Acts 2:41
3c. As to significance.
Spirit baptism is a new spiritual relationship with Christ.
This is the reality.
1 Cor. 12:13 cf. Gal. 3:27
Water baptism is a material symbol of this new relationship with Christ. Since the word baptidzo is used in each case, it describes the reality in one case, and gives a clear picture in the symbol.
4b. The importance of water and Spirit baptism must not be overlooked.
lc. Spirit baptism is Christ's work upon men.
2c. Water baptism is Christ's command to men.