INTERMEDIATE STATE BEFORE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST
The Biblical Terms
- Sheol - in the Old Testament. 65 occurrences
"hell" 31 times Deut. 32:22
"pit" 3 times Num. 16:30, 33; Job. 17:16
Discuss: This variation in translation is confusing to the average reader. A.S.V. uniformly transliterates the word or she'owl (Defective) some think the word is derived from meaning to ask, thus signifying the insatiable demand of the place.
Others think it may be from maktesh meaning - to be hollow.
English R.V. 30 times transliterated Sheol A.S.V. came later and the committee felt it wise to transliterate uniformly.
- Hades - in the New Testament Grk. haides
Translated in A.V. - "hell" 10 times
"grave" 1 time (1 Cor. 15:55) "O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?"
1 Cor. 15:55
Rev. 20:14 Correct - Although the KJV translates this word hell, it is better translated hades which is here cast into the Lake of Fire, also known as hell.
Hades and Sheol are the NT and OT names of the same place each being cast into hell in the end.
Text in 1 Cor. 15:55 probably tbanate -- THANATOS Death HAIDES Grave
"O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?"
In A.S.V. the word is uniformly transliterated.
- Both Sheol and Hades seem identical in meaning.
Psa. 16:10 "For thou wilt not leave my soul in sheol; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption."
Acts 2:27, 31 "Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hades, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption." "He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hades, neither his flesh did see corruption."
Cf. Septuagint: Sheol trans. Hades 61 times
This was a very early Translation into Greek. Thanate 2 times
omitted 2 times - last due to differences in texts.
In mythology - Hades referred to the infernal regions, nether world, the realm of the dead.